Fallopian Tube Health


The fallopian tube plays a major role during ovulation for the journey of the egg, as well as carrying the fertilized egg and sperm back up to the uterus. Blocked or damage to a fallopian tube is a common cause of infertility.

fallopian tube, hysterosalpingogram, laparoscopy, infertility in females, infertility

Infertility in females is very often attributed to an unhealthy tube or tubes in the reproductive system. Your physician will ensure infertility tests are carried out early in the investigation to assess the health of these delicate essential tubes.

The causes of damage to the fallopian tube can be due to any STDs, infections left untreated, endometriosis and surgery scarring from treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or from fibroids in the uterus, which can compress and damage the fallopian tube. Cysts, which may be benign, also effect the tubes.

The page fibroids and infertility explains more about the possible efforts to a females reproductive system.


Health check tests


The tubes in a females reproductive system are extremely delicate structures. Less than 4mm (1/8 inch) in diameter at their narrowest, they are easily damaged.

As many as one-third of women who seek infertility assistance are found to have a problem with their tube or tubes.

Once the primary tests, i.e. ovulation test, are completed, then the females tubes are checked. These tests are still among the first investigations made when an infertile couple attend a specialist clinic.

1. Hysterosalpingogram:

  • Also known as HSG, this is an X-ray picture of the uterus and tubes, which can show up problems inside them.
  • A special dye, that can be monitored on an X-ray screen, is slowly injected into the uterus and should pass into the fallopian tube.
  • If it fails to do so, this may indicate some damage, distortion, or blockage in the tubes.

2. Laparoscopy:

  • The laparoscope, is a slender telescope - only about the width of a fountain pen - that uses fibreoptics to look directly into the abdominal cavity.
  • This is one of the most useful tests for finding out whether a woman's tubes are blocked or damaged
  • It is required for surgery in treating severe cases of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • It gives a superb view of all the organs, allowing your surgeon to assess their health and giving information on adhesions, endometriosis and ovarian disease.
  • It is also used extensively in diagnosing or treating STD's.
  • High quality videos can also be taken through the laparoscope so that the doctor can refer to them later, if necessary.
  • Laparoscopy is performed under a general anaesthetic, but is usually a day procedure.
  • It may also be useful in showing that the organs are healthy.
  • Eggs can be removed for use during in vitro fertilization (IVF), using laparoscopy.


Infertility tests


In summary, the above tests will be performed by a physician specialist. Sometimes these tests are necessary, not only to prove where a problem exists, but to also rule out any problems.

Up to a third of cases of infertility in females, fall into the unexplained infertility category. These kind of situations are explored to rule out problems, so that decisions about treatments and alternative methods of conception, can be assessed.

The health of the fallopian tube is essential. Therefore your physician will definitely recommend tests and investigations to assess the health status. Treatments and or surgery can then be performed if any problems are found to correct any abnormalities.

Once ovulation and fertilization has taken place, the long journey up the fallopian tube to the uterus is the only way conception will take place.


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