There are many fertility drugs available for the treatment of infertility. Fertility medications are sometimes referred to as infertility drugs, however their prescription and usage is one and the same.
Almost all of the medications listed will require a doctors prescription and doctors recommendation for administering, dosage and for what purpose the drug is being prescribed.
The drugs listed are often used for more than one function and often prescribed in combination, depending on the diagnosis and treatment plan. These drugs are used for treating both male and female infertility.
The key to the table below describes how the medication is administered. A full breakdown of the drug brand name and possible usage is given on types of drugs and infertility medications.
Method of application
Here are the options of how the medication may be taken, in their various forms:
- Cream – for vaginal insertion
- Gel – for vaginal insertion
- Injection – normally in the muscle of the buttocks
- Nasal Spray – spray for the nose
- Orally – tablets which are swallowed
- Pump – mouth
- Vaginal suppository – vaginal insertion
Infertility drugs are almost always used to support a treatment plan when trying to increase fertility. These types of drugs may be used to treat some of the following conditions:
- Irregular cycles – Oligomenorrhea
- Missed or lack of a cycle – Amenorrhoea
- Increases production of eggs (ovum)
- Treat cervical fluid function and consistency
- Ovulation disorders
- Luteal phase disorders
- Enhances the quality of uterine lining
- Improve progesterone production
There are also various treatment options, which will be recommended by your doctor as part of your plan in overcoming your infertility problems and supporting a sustainable pregnancy. These options are referred to as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), and include:
- Artificial Insemination – AI
- Intrauterine Insemination – IUI
- Fallopian Sperm Transfer System – FAST
- In Vitro Fertilization – IVF
- Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer – GIFT
- Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer – Zift
- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection – ICSI
- Ovum Transfer – OT and Cytoplasm Transfer – CT
The above treatments are all procedures performed by a specialist fertility doctor, in a fertility clinic or hospital. There are very strict protocolsaround these procedures, and will require some explanation and approval before treatment may begin.
Procedures like the one’s mentioned above are normally recommended, based on an individual person or couple, and their unique reason for not having achieved a pregnancy through the normal intercourse methods. The reason could be a medical condition, or even the age of the woman. For women trying to achieve a pregnancy after the age of 35, assistance in the form of fertility drugs or ART may be required.