ovulation, infertility ovulation, ovum, ovulate, infertility Ovulation is the process of a woman’s body releasing a matured egg, otherwise referred to as an ovum, from the ovarian follicle. This is the single most important event which must happen, in order for conception to be possible, once sperm is present.

This process is repeated once, per menstrual cycle.

A females reproductive system is very complex and yet for many, functions perfectly every month. In the event that infertility is diagnosed, one of the primary tests your physician will undertake is around the release of a fertile egg, per cycle.

The factors influencing the release of an ovum, will be based on the correct hormonal balance. These hormones support the development, release and life of the ovum. The graph below provides an indication of the hormones and their levels during the cycle.

Due to the many complexities that may affect infertility and the monthly cycle, each area will require further explanation. The following pages will provide more in- depth information:

  • What is ovulation

The how’s and why’s around the release of the egg

  • Ovulation Signs

Ovulation disorders examined by a research project

  • Ovulation Cycle

The three different phases of the monthly cycle explained

  • Signs of Ovulation

The three primary (most important) ovulation signs to be monitored

  • Ovulation Symptoms

The three secondary ovulation signs to be monitored

  • Cervical Fluid

Necessary for sperm survival.

  • Ovulation Calendar

Examples of calendars for normal, short or longer cycle lengths

  • Ovulation Predictor

Predicting ovulation by monitoring temperature changes per cycle

  • Ovulation Chart

Monitoring ovulation and fertility signs per cycle

  • Conception Calendar

Calendar details of your fertility signs

  • Luteal Phase

The third phase and its importance

  • Short Luteal Phase

Can conception take place in 10 days or less?

  • An-ovulation

Irregular cycles, or missed ovulation

  • Pregnancy and the Pill

Will normal cycles resume?

  • Hormone blood tests

Accurate analysis of hormone levels

  • Menstrual Cycle

Hormonal influences

  • Ovulation Predictor Kit

For signs of the LH surge

When does ovulation occur?

Female infertility may very often present with cycle problems, so this information is extremely important when investigating infertility in women. Many comply to a normal cycle, but some have unique cycles depending on conditions experienced in that month.

Knowing when you ovulate is not as easy as one would assume. This period for women is about 24 hours and if sperm is not available at that precise time, then conception will not take place.

There are many ways of finding out when the ovum is released. There is the natural route, with reading and monitoring your body’s signs on a chart graph. The reason for natural charting is to interpret infertility signs every cycle, continuously. There is so much information available, when monitoring your body’s signs of fertility.

The medical route may involve scanning and or, blood tests. These tests are accurate, and available immediately. They are generally monitored for a few cycles and will depend on financial implications as well as timelines for conception.

Depending on – the circumstances and length of time infertility has been experienced, may dictate which route a woman will choose to follow when investigating this important event.