Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
For Male and Female!

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a bacterial or parasitic infection occurring in the uterus, fallopian tubes and/or ovaries.

Left untreated, PID can cause permanent damage to the reproductive system.

Irrevocable scarring of the fallopian tubes and ovaries, is the most serious complication, as it often causes sterility.

For more information - go to PID symptoms

More than two million women each year have PID. One quarter of these infections are serious, requiring hospitalization. PID is a serious consequence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

PID can cause scar tissue that blocks the fallopian tubes, causing infertility in between, 10 to 40 percent of cases. It depends on the severity and the number of infections you may have had.

PID can also cause an ectopic or tubal pregnancy, premature rapture of the membranes during pregnancy and premature birth as well as difficult menstrual cramps, chronic pain and recurrent infection.


pelvic inflammatory disease, female infertility, infertility test, infertility in woman, infertility

Tuberculosis used to be one of the commonest causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Today it is gonorrhea.

PID is caused by organisms that travel from the vagina through the cervix into the internal reproductive system. PID can be caused by either of the sexually transmitted gonorrhea and chlamydia, organisms.

PID isn't always caused by a sexually transmitted bacteria. The cause may be bacteria found in the intestines. This could traverse into the pelvic cavity during sex, after an abortion or after a miscarriage. The bacteria may also spread during childbirth, an operation - cesarean, dilation and curettage (D & C), a hysterectomy or after the insertion or positioning of an IUD.

Preventive measures to apply:

  • Wiping from front to back, avoiding intestinal bacteria from spreading
  • Don't have vaginal intercourse straight after anal intercourse
  • Change tampons or pads frequently (women are susceptible to PID during menstruation)
  • Do not allow anything into your vagina for at least six weeks, after any procedure, such as childbirth, IUD insertion, miscarriage, D & C or abortion
  • This may not cause PID but can increase the risk of spreading the disease. (about one third of women in the U.S. douche)
  • Healthy eating habits as prescribed in our diet / lifestyle plan
  • Regular exercise
  • Use barrier contraceptives with spermicides, like condom, cervical cap or diaphragm. (an unlikely requirement during your infertility phase)
  • Avoid sex with anyone who you know has had PID, or any sexually transmitted disease (STDs), until their health status is verified by a physician
  • Women who smoke have a higher risk of PID

Treating Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

A proper and accurate diagnose should be sort, if you suffer from any of the symptoms described. The primary treatment is antibiotics, along with bed rest. Treatment could include multiple courses of antibiotics over a three to four week period. PID is often caused by a group of organisms, and it is for this reason different antibiotics are required.

In the event that PID is acute, hospitalization with intravenous antibiotics, may be prescribed. Another important aspect of prevention of re infection, is to ensure that your partner is also treated. Many men do not show symptoms, but none the less, should be treated for the bacteria.

An infertility test should be sought for those trying to conceive. Laparoscopy is used to treat PID as well as to diagnose it.

Any disease of the reproductive system must be treated as early as possible, when detected. This will prevent any after effects, like infertility, if the disease is diagnosed and treated early. Testing and treating Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, if necessary, will be part of your infertility investigation.

This serious disease will cause female infertility, therefore seek medical intervention early.

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